Eczema refers to a group of medical conditions that cause the skin to become inflamed and irritated. There are different types of eczema based on what has caused the condition. These causes can be either external or internal causes. The exact cause of eczema is sometimes difficult to find, but it is thought to be linked to an overactive response by the body’s immune system to an irritant. Dr. Srinivas Skin & Hair clinic provide personalize treatment for eczema.
Atopic eczema (Atopic dermatitis, AD in short) is a very itchy chronic skin condition. It often presents in infancy or early childhood, but can start in adult life too. Around the world, 10-20% of children and 3-4% of adults suffer from Atopic dermatitis. AD is much more common today than it was 30 years ago.
There may be a family history of eczema, asthma or allergic rhinitis. Alterations in the immune system occur and cause a reaction or inflammation in the skin, which is manifested as Atopic dermatitis. Getting Atopic dermatitis is a kind of tendency. The skin is an envelope that keeps body fluids within. It also protects from invading germs, chemicals and injury. In AD, the skin is a bit different. The water holding capacity is defective, resulting in an extremely dry skin. It allows allergens and infections to gain entry into the skin. It is suspected that allergens entering the skin may be responsible for asthma in later life. This means that treating eczema effectively early on may in all likelihood help against development of asthma later on rather than the other way around as it is spread by people practicing alternative medicines.
Atopic skin has a very low itch threshold. There are people who can withstand immense pain and others who cannot take the slightest pain. Likewise, in Atopics the slightest itch stimulus gets magnified and translated into bouts of frenzied itch. In Atopics, touch also gets converted to itch on inflamed skin. Mothers should be advised not to kiss or peck their children on cheek if there is frank eczema.
Triggers are those factors that the skin is not comfortable with and cause worsening of eczema. These include: